PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Evaluating the Effect of Spiking Network Parameters on Polychronization
P Ioannou, Matthew Casey and Andre Gruning
In: International Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, Sept 2012, Lausanne.

Abstract

Spiking neural networks (SNNs) are considered to be more biologically realistic compared to typical rate-coded networks as they can model closely different types of neurons and their temporal dynam- ics. Typical spiking models use a number of fixed parameters such as the ratio between excitatory and inhibitory neurons. However, the pa- rameters that are used in these models focus almost exclusively on our understanding of the neocortex with, for example, 80% of neurons cho- sen as excitatory and 20% inhibitory. In this paper we will evaluate how varying the ratio of excitatory versus inhibitory neurons, axonal conduc- tion delays and the number of synaptic connections affect a SNN model by observing the change in mean firing rate and polychronization. Our main focus is to examine the effect on the emergence of spatiotemporal time-locked patterns, known as polychronous groups (PNGs). We show that the number of PNGs varies dramatically with a changing proportion of inhibitory neurons, that they increase exponentially as the number of synaptic connections is increased and that they decrease as the maxi- mum axonal delays in the network increases. Our findings show that if we are to use SNNs and PNGs to model cognitive functions we must take into account these critical parameters.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Learning/Statistics & Optimisation
Theory & Algorithms
ID Code:9578
Deposited By:Andre Gruning
Deposited On:22 August 2012