PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Improving Classification Performance of BCIs by using Stationary Common Spatial Patterns and Unsupervised Bias Adaptation
Wojciech Wojcikiewicz, Carmen Vidaurre and Motoaki Kawanabe
In: Hybrid Artificial Intelligent Systems Lecture Notes in Computer Science , 6679 . (2011) Springer Berlin / Heidelberg , pp. 34-41. ISBN 978-3-642-21221-5

Abstract

Non-stationarities in EEG signals coming from electrode artefacts, muscular activity or changes of task involvement can negatively affect the classification accuracy of Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) systems. In this paper we investigate three methods to alleviate this: (1) Regularization of Common Spatial Patterns (CSP) towards stationary subspaces in order to reduce the influence of artefacts. (2) Unsupervised adaptation of the classifier bias with the goal to account for systematic shifts of the features occurring for example in the transition from calibration to feedback session or with increasing fatigue of the subject. (3) Decomposition of the CSP projection matrix into a whitening and a rotation part and adaptation of the whitening matrix in order to reduce the influence of non-task related changes. We study all three approaches on a data set of 80 subjects and show that stationary features with bias adaptation significantly outperforms the other combinations.

EPrint Type:Book Section
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Brain Computer Interfaces
ID Code:9439
Deposited By:Wojciech Samek
Deposited On:16 March 2012