Machine learning in natural language processing
PhD thesis, University of Athens.
This thesis examines the use of machine learning techniques in various tasks of natural language processing, mainly for the task of information extraction from texts. The objectives are the improvement of adaptability of information extraction systems to new thematic domains (or even languages), and the improvement of their performance using as fewer resources (either linguistic or human) as possible. This thesis has examined two main axes: a) the research and assessment of existing algorithms of machine learning mainly in the stages of linguistic pre-processing (such as part of speech tagging) and named-entity recognition, and b) the creation of a new machine learning algorithm and its assessment on synthetic data, as well as in real world data from the task of relation extraction between named entities. This new algorithm belongs to the category of inductive grammar learning, and can infer context free grammars from positive examples only.