PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Size of the Whole versus Number of Parts in Genomes
Antoni Hernández-Fernández, Jaume Baixeries, Núria Forns and Ramon Ferrer-i-Cancho
Entropy Volume 13, Number 8, pp. 1465-1480, 2011.

Abstract

It is known that chromosome number tends to decrease as genome size increases in angiosperm plants. Here the relationship between number of parts (the chromosomes) and size of the whole (the genome) is studied for other groups of organisms from different kingdoms. Two major results are obtained. First, the finding of relationships of the kind “the more parts the smaller the whole” as in angiosperms, but also relationships of the kind “the more parts the larger the whole”. Second, these dependencies are not linear in general. The implications of the dependencies between genome size and chromosome number are two-fold. First, they indicate that arguments against the relevance of the finding of negative correlations consistent with Menzerath-Altmann law (a linguistic law that relates the size of the parts with the size of the whole) in genomes are seriously flawed. Second, they unravel the weakness of a recent model of chromosome lengths based upon random breakage that assumes that chromosome number and genome size are independent.

EPrint Type:Article
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Computational, Information-Theoretic Learning with Statistics
ID Code:8641
Deposited By:Jaume Baixeries
Deposited On:17 February 2012