PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

High-Dimensional Signature Compression for Large-Scale Image Classification
Jorge Sanchez and Florent Perronnin
In: CVPR 2011, 20-25 June, Colorado Springs, USA.

Abstract

We address image classification on a large-scale, i.e. when a large number of images and classes are involved. First, we study classification accuracy as a function of the image signature dimensionality and the training set size. We show experimentally that the larger the training set, the higher the impact of the dimensionality on the accuracy. In other words, high-dimensional signatures are important to obtain state-of-the-art results on large datasets. Second, we tackle the problem of data compression on very large signatures (on the order of 10^5 dimensions) using two lossy compression strategies: a dimensionality reduction technique known as the hash kernel and an encoding technique based on product quantizers. We explain how the gain in storage can be traded against a loss in accuracy and / or an increase in CPU cost. We report results on two large databases – ImageNet and a dataset of 1MFlickr images – showing that we can reduce the storage of our signatures by a factor 64 to 128 with little loss in accuracy. Integrating the decompression in the classifier learning yields an efficient and scalable training algorithm. On ILSVRC2010 we report a 74.3% accuracy at top-5, which corresponds to a 2.5%absolute improvement with respect to the state-of-the-art. On a subset of 10K classes of ImageNet we report a top-1 accuracy of 16.7%, a relative improvement of 160% with respect to the state-of-the-art.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Machine Vision
ID Code:8624
Deposited By:Florent Perronnin
Deposited On:16 February 2012