Learning an Expert from Human Annotations in Statistical Machine Translation: the Case of Out-of-Vocabulary Words
Wilker Aziz, Marc Dymetman, Shachar Mirkin, Lucia Specia, Nicola Cancedda and Ido Dagan
In: EAMT 2010, 27-28 May 2010, France.
We present a general method for incorporating an “expert” model into a Statistical Machine Translation (SMT) system, in order to improve its performance on a particular “area of expertise”, and apply this method to the speciﬁc task of ﬁnding adequate replacements for Out-of-Vocabulary (OOV) words. Candidate replacements are paraphrases and entailed phrases, obtained using monolingual resources. These candidate replacements are transformed into “dynamic biphrases”, generated at decoding time based on the context of each source sentence. Standard SMT features are enhanced with a number of new features aimed at scoring translations produced by using different replacements. Active learning is used to discriminatively train the model parameters from human assessments of the quality of translations. The learning framework yields an SMT system which is able to deal with sentences containing OOV words but also guarantees that the performance is not degraded for input sentences without OOV words. Results of experiments on English-French translation show that this method outperforms previous work addressing OOV words in terms of acceptability.