PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Particle smoothing in continuous time: a fast approach via density estimation
Lawrence Murray and Amos Storkey
IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing Volume 59, Number 3, pp. 1017-1026, 2011.

Abstract

We consider the particle smoothing problem for state-space models where the transition density is not available in closed form, in particular for continuous-time, nonlinear models expressed via stochastic differential equations (SDEs). Conventional forward-backward and two-filter smoothers for the particle filter require a closed-form transition density, with the linear-Gaussian Euler-Maruyama discretization usually applied to the SDEs to achieve this. We develop a pair of variants using kernel density approximations to relieve the dependence, and in doing so enable use of faster and more accurate discretization schemes such as Runge-Kutta. In addition, the new methods admit arbitrary proposal distributions, providing an avenue to deal with degeneracy issues. Experimental results on a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) deconvolution task demonstrate comparable accuracy and significantly improved runtime over conventional techniques.

EPrint Type:Article
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Computational, Information-Theoretic Learning with Statistics
Learning/Statistics & Optimisation
Theory & Algorithms
ID Code:7528
Deposited By:Amos Storkey
Deposited On:17 March 2011