PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Improved Unsupervised POS Induction Using Intrinsic Clustering Quality and a Zipfian Constraint.
Roi Reichart, Raanan Fattal and Ari Rappoport
CoNLL 2010 2010.


Modern unsupervised POS taggers usually apply an optimization procedure to a nonconvex function, and tend to converge to local maxima that are sensitive to starting conditions. The quality of the tagging induced by such algorithms is thus highly variable, and researchers report average results over several random initializations. Consequently, applications are not guaranteed to use an induced tagging of the quality reported for the algorithm. In this paper we address this issue using an unsupervised test for intrinsic clustering quality. We run a base tagger with different random initializations, and select the best tagging using the quality test. As a base tagger, we modify a leading unsupervised POS tagger (Clark, 2003) to constrain the distributions of word types across clusters to be Zipfian, allowing us to utilize a perplexity-based quality test. We show that the correlation between our quality test and gold standard-based tagging quality measures is high. Our results are better in most evaluation measures than all results reported in the literature for this task, and are always better than the Clark average results.

EPrint Type:Article
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Natural Language Processing
ID Code:7071
Deposited By:Ari Rappoport
Deposited On:27 February 2011