PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Generalized RBF Feature Maps for Efficient Detection
V Sreekanth, Andrea Vedaldi, Andrew Zisserman and C Jawahar
In: Proceedings of the British Machine Vision Conference (BMVC), 31 Aug - 3 September 2010, Aberystwyth.

Abstract

Kernel methods yield state-of-the-art performance in certain applications such as image classification and object detection. However, large scale problems require machine learning techniques of at most linear complexity and these are usually limited to linear kernels. This unfortunately rules out gold-standard kernels such as the generalized RBF kernels (e.g. exponential-c2). Recently, Maji and Berg [13] and Vedaldi and Zisserman [20] proposed explicit feature maps to approximate the additive kernels (intersection, c2, etc.) by linear ones, thus enabling the use of fast machine learning technique in a non-linear context. An analogous technique was proposed by Rahimi and Recht [14] for the translation invariant RBF kernels. In this paper, we complete the construction and combine the two techniques to obtain explicit feature maps for the generalized RBF kernels. Furthermore, we investigate a learning method using l1 regularization to encourage sparsity in the final vector representation, and thus reduce its dimension. We evaluate this technique on the VOC 2007 detection challenge, showing when it can improve on fast additive kernels, and the trade-offs in complexity and accuracy.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Oral)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Machine Vision
ID Code:7024
Deposited By:Sunando Sengupta
Deposited On:28 November 2010