PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Descriptor Learning for Efficient Retrieval
James Philbin, M Isarad, J Sivic and Andrew Zisserman
In: European Conference on Computer Vision, 2010, 5-11 September 2010, Greece.

Abstract

Many visual search and matching systems represent images using sparse sets of \visual words": descriptors that have been quantized by assignment to the best-matching symbol in a discrete vocabulary. Errors in this quantization procedure propagate throughout the rest of the system, either harming performance or requiring correction using additional storage or processing. This paper aims to reduce these quantization errors at source, by learning a projection from descriptor space to a new Euclidean space in which standard clustering techniques are more likely to assign matching descriptors to the same cluster, and non-matching descriptors to dierent clusters. To achieve this, we learn a non-linear transformation model by minimizing a novel margin-based cost function, which aims to separate matching descriptors from two classes of non-matching descriptors. Training data is generated automatically by leveraging geometric consistency. Scalable, stochastic gradient methods are used for the optimization. For the case of particular object retrieval, we demonstrate impressive gains in performance on a ground truth dataset: our learnt 32-D descriptor without spatial re-ranking outperforms a baseline method using 128-D SIFT descriptors with spatial re-ranking.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Machine Vision
ID Code:7023
Deposited By:Sunando Sengupta
Deposited On:28 November 2010