PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Geodesic trajectory generation on learnt skill manifolds
Ioannis Havoutis and Subramanian Ramamoorthy
In: Intl. Conf. Robotics and Automation (ICRA 2010), 3-8 May, 2010, Anchorage, Alaska, USA.

Abstract

Humanoid robots are appealing due to their inherent dexterity. However, these potential benefits may only be realized if the corresponding motion synthesis procedure is suitably flexible. This paper presents a flexible trajectory generation algorithm that utilizes a geometric representation of humanoid skills (e.g., walking) - in the form of skill manifolds. These manifolds are learnt from demonstration data that may be obtained from off-line optimization algorithms (or a human expert).We demonstrate that this model may be used to produce approximately optimal motion plans as geodesics over the manifold and that this allows us to effectively generalize from a limited training set. We demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach on a simulated 3-link planar arm, and then the more challenging example of a physical 19-DoF humanoid robot. We show that our algorithm produces a close approximation of the much more computationally intensive optimization procedure used to generate the data. This allows us to present experimental results for fast motion planning on a realistic – variable step length, width and height – walking task on a humanoid robot.

EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Learning/Statistics & Optimisation
ID Code:6072
Deposited By:Subramanian Ramamoorthy
Deposited On:08 March 2010