Data-Driven Spatio-Temporal Modeling Using the Integro-Difference Equation
A continuous-in-space, discrete-in-time dynamic spatio-temporal model known as the integro-difference equation (IDE) model is presented in the context of data-driven modeling. A novel decomposition of the IDE is derived, leading to state-space representation that does not couple the number of states with the number of observation locations or the number of parameters. Based on this state-space model, an expectation-maximization (EM) algorithm is developed in order to jointly estimate the IDE model's spatial field and spatial mixing kernel. The resulting modeling framework is demonstrated on a set of examples.