PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Scene Classification Using a Hybrid Generative/Discriminative Approach
Anna Bosch, Andrew Zisserman and X. Munoz
IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence 2008.


We investigate whether dimensionality reduction using a latent generative model is beneficial for the task of weakly supervised scene classification. In detail, we are given a set of labeled images of scenes (for example, coast, forest, city, river, etc.), and our objective is to classify a new image into one of these categories. Our approach consists of first discovering latent “topics” using probabilistic Latent Semantic Analysis (pLSA), a generative model from the statistical text literature here applied to a bag of visual words representation for each image, and subsequently, training a multiway classifier on the topic distribution vector for each image. We compare this approach to that of representing each image by a bag of visual words vector directly and training a multiway classifier on these vectors. To this end, we introduce a novel vocabulary using dense color SIFT descriptors and then investigate the classification performance under changes in the size of the visual vocabulary, the number of latent topics learned, and the type of discriminative classifier used (k-nearest neighbor or SVM). We achieve superior classification performance to recent publications that have used a bag of visual word representation, in all cases, using the authors’ own data sets and testing protocols. We also investigate the gain in adding spatial information. We show applications to image retrieval with relevance feedback and to scene classification in videos

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EPrint Type:Article
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Machine Vision
ID Code:4367
Deposited By:Andrew Zisserman
Deposited On:13 March 2009