PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Region classification with Markov field aspect models
Jakob Verbeek and William Triggs
In: IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 18-25 June 2007, Minneapolis, USA.


Considerable advances have been made in learning to recognize and localize visual object classes. Simple bag-of-feature approaches label each pixel or patch independently. More advanced models attempt to improve the coherence of the labellings by introducing some form of inter-patch coupling: traditional spatial models such as MRF's provide crisper local labellings by exploiting neighbourhood-level couplings, while aspect models such as PLSA and LDA use global relevance estimates (global mixing proportions for the classes appearing in the image) to shape the local choices. We point out that the two approaches are complementary, combining them to produce aspect-based spatial field models that outperform both approaches. We study two spatial models: one based on averaging over forests of minimal spanning trees linking neighboring image regions, the other on an efficient chain-based Expectation Propagation method for regular 8-neighbor Markov Random Fields. The models can be trained using either patch-level labels or image-level keywords. As input features they use factored observation models combining texture, color and position cues. Experimental results on the MSR Cambridge data sets show that combining spatial and aspect models significantly improves the region-level classification accuracy. In fact our models trained with image-level labels outperform PLSA trained with pixel-level ones.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Machine Vision
Learning/Statistics & Optimisation
Information Retrieval & Textual Information Access
ID Code:3651
Deposited By:William Triggs
Deposited On:14 February 2008