Detecting man-made structures and changes in satellite imagery with a content-based information retrieval system built on self-organizing maps
In this study, we extended the potential of a Content-Based Image Retrieval (CBIR) system based on Self-Organizing Maps (SOMs), for the analysis of remote sensing data. A database was artificially created by splitting each image to be analyzed into small images (or imagelets). Content-based image retrieval was applied to fully polarimetric airborne SAR data, using a selection of polarimetric features. After training the system on this imagelet database, automatic queries could detect changes. Results were encouraging on airborne SAR data and may be more useful for spaceborne polarimetric data.