A distributed approximation scheme for sleep scheduling in sensor networks
Patrik Floréen, Petteri Kaski and Jukka Suomela
In: 4th Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks (SECON 2007), 18-21 Jun 2007, San Diego, California, USA.
We investigate the theoretical feasibility of near-optimal, distributed sleep scheduling in energy-constrained sensor networks with pairwise sensor redundancy. In this setting, an optimal sleep schedule is equivalent to an optimal fractional domatic partition of the associated redundancy graph. We present a set of realistic assumptions on the structure of the communication and redundancy relations; for the family of networks meeting these assumptions, we develop an efficient distributed approximation scheme for sleep scheduling. For any $\epsilon>0$, we demonstrate that it is possible to schedule the sensing activities of the nodes in a local and distributed manner so that the ratio of the optimum lifetime to the achieved lifetime of the network is at most $1+\epsilon$. The computational effort (time, memory and communication) required at each node depends on $\epsilon$ and the parameters of the network family, but given so-called anchor nodes (a set of nodes meeting certain density constraints) and locally unique node identifiers, the effort is independent of the actual network at hand; in particular, the required effort at each node remains constant as the size of the network is scaled up.
|EPrint Type:||Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)|
|Project Keyword:||Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED|
|Subjects:||Theory & Algorithms|
|Deposited By:||Jukka Suomela|
|Deposited On:||23 May 2007|