Learning Class-specific Edges for Object Detection and Segmentation
Mukta Prasad, Andrew Zisserman, Andrew Fitzgibbon, Pawan Kumar and Philip Torr
In: ICVGIP 2006, 13-16 Dec 2006, Madurai, India.
Recent research into recognizing object classes (such as humans, cows and hands) has made use of edge features to hypothesize and localize class instances. However, for the most part, these edge-based methods operate solely on the geometric shape of edges, treating them equally and ignoring the fact that for certain object classes, the appearance of the object on the “inside” of the edge may provide valuable recognition cues. We show how, for such object classes, small regions around edges can be used to classify the edge into object or non-object. This classifier may then be used to prune edges which are not relevant to the object class, and thereby improve the performance of subsequent processing. We demonstrate learning class specific edges for a number of object classes —
oranges, bananas and bottles — under challenging scale and illumination variation. Because class-specific edge classification provides a low-level analysis of the image it may be integrated into any edge-based recognition strategy without significant change in the high-level algorithms. We illustrate its application to two algorithms: (i) chamfer matching for object detection,
and (ii) modulating contrast terms in MRF based object-specific
segmentation. We show that performance of both algorithms (matching and segmentation) is considerably improved by the class-specific edge labelling.