Mel Frequency Cepstral Coefficients: An Evaluation of Robustness of MP3 Encoded Music
In large MP3 databases, files are typically generated with different parameter settings, i.e., bit rate and sampling rates. This is of concern for MIR applications, as encoding difference can potentially confound meta-data estimation and similarity evaluation. In this paper we will discuss the influence of MP3 coding for the Mel frequency cepstral coeficients (MFCCs). The main result is that the widely used subset of the MFCCs is robust at bit rates equal or higher than 128 kbits/s, for the implementations we have investigated. However, for lower bit rates, e.g., 64 kbits/s, the implementation of the Mel filter bank becomes an issue.