Approximating rate-distortion graphs of individual data:
Experiments in lossy compression and denoising
Classical rate-distortion theory requires knowledge of an elusive source distribution. Instead, we analyze rate-distortion properties of individual objects using the recently developed algorithmic rate-distortion theory. The latter is based on the noncomputable notion of Kolmogorov complexity. To apply the theory we approximate the Kolmogorov complexity by standard data compression techniques, and perform a number of experiments with lossy compression and denoising of objects from different domains. We also introduce a natural generalization to lossy compression with side information. To maintain full generality we need to address a difficult searching problem. While our solutions are therefore not time efficient, we do observe good denoising and compression performance.