PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Proactive Information Retrieval by User Modeling from Eye Tracking
Kai Puolamäki, Jarkko Salojärvi, Eerika Savia, Jaana Simola and Samuel Kaski
In: IIIA'06 International Workshop on Intelligent Information Access, 06 Jul - 08 Jul 2006, Helsinki.


In this position paper we review the results of the the eye-tracking -related part of the PRIMA project (Proactive Information Retrieval by Adaptive Models of User's Attention and Interests), carried out during 2003--2005. The project focused on how to construct and combine user models from implicit or explicit feedback signals. If proper user models can be constructed, it will be possible to build proactive applications, that is, applications that learn to anticipate the user's needs. Our prototype application is information retrieval, where implicit feedback signal is measured from eye movements. Relevance of read text is extracted from the feedback signal with hidden Markov models learned from a collected data set. Since relevance in general is hard to define, we have constructed an experimental setting where relevance is known a priori. The implicit feedback signal is very noisy. Thus, it needs to be supplemented with relevance predictions from other available sources. In the prototype application an alternative relevance prediction was obtained from collaborative filtering. For new document titles the prediction accuracy with eye movements, collaborative filtering, and their combination was significantly better than by chance. The best prediction accuracy still leaves room for improvement but shows that proactive information retrieval and combination of many sources of relevance feedback is feasible.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Additional Information:Extended abstract
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:User Modelling for Computer Human Interaction
Information Retrieval & Textual Information Access
ID Code:2609
Deposited By:Jarkko Salojärvi
Deposited On:22 November 2006