How fast is FastICA
Vicente Zarzoso and Pierre Comon
In: 14th European Signal Processing Conference (EUSIPCO), September 4-8, 2006, Firenze, Italy.
The present contribution deals with the statistical tool of
Independent Component Analysis (ICA). The focus is on the deflation
approach, whereby the independent components are extracted one after
another. The kurtosis-based FastICA is arguably one of the most widespread methods of this kind.
However, its features, particularly its speed, have not been thoroughly evaluated or compared, so that its popularity seems somewhat unfounded.
To substantiate this claim, a simple quite natural modification is put forward and assessed in this paper. It merely consists of performing exact line search optimization of the contrast function.
Speed is objectively measured in terms of the computational complexity required to reach a given source extraction performance. Illustrative numerical results demonstrate the faster convergence and higher robustness to initialization of the proposed approach, which is thus referred to as RobustICA.