Unlimited vocabulary speech recognition for agglutinative languages
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It is practically impossible to build a word-based lexicon for speech recognition in agglutinative languages that would cover all the relevant words. The problem is that words are generally built by concatenating several prefixes and suffixes to the word roots. Together with compounding and inflections this leads to millions of different, but still frequent word forms. Due to inflections, ambiguity and other phenomena, it is also not trivial to automatically split the words into meaningful parts. Rule-based morphological analyzers can perform this splitting, but due to the handcrafted rules, they also suffer from an out-of-vocabulary problem. In this paper we apply a recently proposed fully automatic and rather language and vocabulary independent way to build subword lexica for three different agglutinative languages. We demonstrate the language portability as well by building a successful large vocabulary speech recognizer for each language and show superior recognition performance compared to the corresponding word-based reference systems.
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