PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Tractable Clones of Polynomials over Semigroups
Victor Dalmau, Ricard Gavaldà, Pascal Tesson and Denis Thérien
In: Eleventh International Conference on Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming, 1-5 October 2005, Barcelona, Spain.


We contribute to the algebraic study of the complexity of constraint satisfaction problems. We give a new sufficient condition on a set of relations $\Gamma$ over a domain $S$ for the tractability of $\csp(\Gamma)$: if~$S$ is a block-group (a particular class of semigroups) of exponent $\omega$ and $\Gamma$ is a set of relations over $S$ preserved by the operation defined by the polynomial $f(x,y,z) = xy^{\omega -1}z$ over $S$, then $\csp(\Gamma)$ is tractable. This theorem strictly improves on results of Feder and Vardi and Bulatov et al.\ and we demonstrate it by reproving an upper bound of Kl{\'\i }ma et al.\ We also investigate systematically the tractability of $\csp(\Gamma)$ when $\Gamma$ is a set of relations closed under operations that are all expressible as polynomials over a finite semigroup $S$. In particular, if $S$ is a nilpotent group, we show that $\csp(\Gamma)$ is tractable iff one of these polynomials defines a Malt'sev operation, and conjecture that this holds for all groups.

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EPrint Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Theory & Algorithms
ID Code:1830
Deposited By:Victor Dalmau
Deposited On:29 November 2005