PASCAL - Pattern Analysis, Statistical Modelling and Computational Learning

Unsupervised and Supervised Exploitation of Semantic Domains in Lexical Disambiguation
Alfio Gliozzo, Carlo Strapparava and Ido Dagan
Computer Speech and Language 2004.

Abstract

Domains are common areas of human discussion, such as economics, politics, law, science etc., which demonstrate lexical coherence. This paper explores the dual role of domains in word sense disambiguation (WSD). On one hand, domain information provides generalized features at the paradigmatic level that are useful to discriminate among many word senses. On the other hand, domain distinctions constitute a useful level of coarse grained sense distinctions, which lends itself to more accurate disambiguation with lower amounts of knowledge. In this paper we extend and ground the modeling of domains and the exploitation of WordNet Domains, an extension of WordNet in which each synset is labeled with domain information.We propose a novel unsupervised probabilistic method for the critical step of estimating domain relevance for contexts, and suggest utilizing it within unsupervised Domain Driven Disambiguation (DDD) for word senses, as well as within a traditional supervised approach. The paper presents empirical assessments of the potential utilization of domains in WSD at a wide range of comparative settings, both supervised and unsupervised. Following the dual role of domains we report experiments that evaluate both the extent to which domain information provide effective features for WSD, as well as the accuracy obtained by WSD at domain-level sense granularity. Furthermore, we demonstrate the potential for either avoiding or minimizing manual annotation thanks to the generalized level of information provided by domains.

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EPrint Type:Article
Project Keyword:Project Keyword UNSPECIFIED
Subjects:Learning/Statistics & Optimisation
Natural Language Processing
Information Retrieval & Textual Information Access
ID Code:798
Deposited By:Ido Dagan
Deposited On:30 December 2004