Brain-computer communication with slow cortical potentials: Methodology and critical aspects.
A Thought-Translation-Device (TTD) has been designed to enable direct brain-computer communication using self regulation of slow cortical potentials (SCPs). However, accuracy of SCP control reveals high inter-subject variability. To guarantee the highest possible communication speed, some important aspects of training SCPs are discussed. A baseline correction of SCPs can increase performance. Multi-channel recordings show that SCPs are of highest amplitude around the vertex electrode used for feedback but in some subjects more global distributions were observed. A new method for control of eye movement are presented. Sequential effects of trial-to-trial interaction may also cause difficulties to the user. Finally, psychophysiological factors determining SCP-communication are discussed.